Contributor(s): Mrs Agnes Gardner, Dr Agnes
Tiwari, Prof Howard Davies and Dr Margaret O’ Donoghue
General tips shared by the academic staff
What is Peer Tutoring?
According to Keith Topping and Shirley Hill, “peer
tutoring can be defined as “people from similar social groupings
who are not professional teachers helping each other to learn and learning
themselves by teaching” (extracted from Students as Tutors and Mentors,
What are the benefits of peer tutoring?
Help students increase their own understanding
of the subject matter as they tutor students in/on, which boosts confidence
and can carry over to their desire to learn other subjects (Ehly et.
Practice students’ communication skills
with junior students
Give tutors great confidence to talk to the staff
members while the line of communication is opened up for both of them
Give tutors an opportunity to develop their own
- Help tutees feel more at ease, and concentrate better on the subject
matter, with a peer tutor rather than a professional teacher or consultant
(Ehly et. al. 21)
- According to Goodlad and Hirst (1989), there are four main benefits
for tutees when they seek out peer help:
- Tutees receive individualized instruction
- Tutees receive more teaching
- Tutees (may) respond better to their peers than to their teachers
- Tutees can obtain companionship from the students that tutor
- Peer tutoring is also beneficial to teachers who may not have the
time to spend with each of their students one-on-one.
- Help the subject lecturer break the whole class into small groups
so that students have the chance to learn in a more intimate environment,
which allow them to take more initiative. For example, students ask
more questions at the tutorials and that hardly happen in lectures
where there are over 80 students sitting in the lecture theatre.
Why introduce Peer Tutoring?
Students may find difficulties in studying a certain
Facilitate better understanding of professional
roles to students
Acclimatize students to the demand of the profession
and enhance their confidence and skills in dealing with role conflict.
What is the role of peer tutors and tutees?
- Motivate students or tutees to learn
- Sharing personal experiences with tutees
- Provide comments on tutees’ effort. The final answers
lie with the subject lecturer
- Middle man
- A peer tutor is the bridge between tutees and subject lecturers
- Tutees are expected to
- Review relevant subject matters before tutorial sessions
- Raise questions before or during or after tutorial sessions
- Be cooperative and take active part in all tutorial activities
- Solve problems individually or as a team
- Be punctual and attend all tutorial sessions
Steps to do it (Examples)
1. Business Studies
- Introductory to Marketing,
- Introductory to Business Law
- Introductory to Economics
- Year 3 students tutor year 1 students.
- The basic requirement for the post of peer tutor is grade B or above
in relevant subject areas and participation in a three-hour tutor
- “Peer Tutoring Fairs” are arranged for both tutors and
tutees in order to schedule for meeting.
- Each tutor has six one-hour tutorial sessions with his or her tutees
in a group size of 2 to 5 tutees.
- For every hour of teaching, tutors are paid on the University’s
- Both of the tutors and tutees are required to complete an evaluation
questionnaire to reflect the effectiveness of the scheme at last.
- After completion, tutors will be issued a certificate to appreciate
their contribution to the peer-tutoring scheme.
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